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Module 6: Procedure Division


COBOL SUBTRACT Verb

  • The SUBTRACT verb is used to subtract one or the addition of two or more numeric values from one or more numeric values and store the subtracted value.
  • Basic syntax:-
    Format 1:-

    SUBTRACT {identifier-1/literal-1} [, {identifier-2/literal-2}]… FROM identifier-3 [, identifier-4]…

    Format 2:-

    SUBTRACT {identifier-1/literal-1} [, {identifier-2/literal-2}]… FROM {identifier-3/literal-3} [, {identifier-4/literal-4}]… GIVING identifier-5 [, identifier-6]…

  • Below table will help you understand few possible operations using SUBTRACT
  • Last named operand must never be literal as the resultant value is always stored there.
  • When GIVING option is coded, then only we can use numeric literal in place of identifier-3, identifier-4



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